was founded in 997. The Viking chieftains of Lade, the earls
of Lade had already established their centre of power east
of Nidaros, when Olav Tryggvason started a centre for trade
and built a royal residence at Kaupang, to the west of Nidaros.
The settlement soon became influential under Olav Haraldson.
After the battle of Stiklestad Olav`s earthly remains were
brought to Trondheim. When Olav was canonized and named Olav
the Holy, the building of Nidaros Cathedral, Nidarosdomen,
was begun, and Trondheim became a permanent royal residence.
1152 Trondheim became the seat of the archbishop supervising
ten bishoprics. The Archbishop collected revenues such as
butter, wheat and stockfish from the whole of northern Norway.
These products provided the basis for trade and growth and
the city expanded and flourished in 1250-1350. The number
inhabitants rose to 3000.
the Late Middle Ages revenues decreased dramatically because
of a severe demographic crisis, and Trondheim became an impoverished
provincial town. The hour of destiny for the Church and Trondheim
came during the Reformation, when Norway´s last Archbishop
fled the country in 1537. His properties were seized by the
the 17th century the city expanded again, through the timber
trade with Holland and the rich herring fishery. The town
had a salt monopoly and controlled the processing and sale
of herring. The mining industries at Røros, Kvikne
and Løkken used Trondheim as their shipping harbour.
The number of inhabitants steadily grew and in 1680 about
5000 people lived in the city. Merchants from Flensburg, who
settled down in the city in the 17th and 18th centuries dominated
commerce and trade. The great fire in 1681 led to Cicignons
Plan of the City with its wide streets. The city continued
the 19th century strong class divisions existed: prominent
tradesmen, often of foreign birth lived in Søgaden.
In Munkegata lived foreign officials. The locals were mostly
craftsmen and workers.
industrialisation in the 19th century old trades got difficulties,
and found it difficult to survive. Exports also decreased
to a great extent. Gradually Trondheim expanded again, this
time as a communication centre north of Dovrefjell. The major
merchant families lost a great deal of their power to import
wholesalers, factory owners and tradesmen. This was the time
when Bernhd. Brekke Ltd was founded.
Trondheim on the web